Foreclosure Legal Documents – Part II

advocate for homeownersThe Complaint

The purpose of the Complaint in a foreclosure lawsuit is to spell out the financial institution’s claims as to why they are entitled to relief. The Complaint specifically will discuss the nature of the mortgage and the promissory note. The Complaint will also provide the address and legal metes and bounds description of the property being foreclosed upon. It will usually state the homeowner had agreed to make payments pursuant to the terms of the note and mortgage and they defaulted on these terms. The Complaint will specifically name who owes the bank money and their interest in the property being foreclosed upon. In addition, the Complaint will usually have exhibits attached to it. These exhibits, at a minimum, will be the note and the mortgage.

The Complaint will also state the relief the lender asks for. This will usually be the right to sell the property and after the sale having the net proceeds after the costs of the sale apply to the balance due under the lender’s mortgage. The bank’s complaint may also have a request they receive a deficiency judgment in the event the proceeds from the sale of the home do not satisfy the entire balance due of their mortgage costs and disbursements.

The Lis Pendens

The lis pendens is a legal document the attorney for the financial institution files in the County Clerk’s office of the county where the property being foreclosed upon is located. This document serves to provide public notice to all future individuals obtaining liens and judgments as well as any potential interested purchaser of the property the property is in the midst of a foreclosure lawsuit and is encumbered by this foreclosure proceeding. The attorneys for the financial institution bringing the foreclosure proceeding usually files the lis pendens on or about the same time the Summons and Complaint are filed with the County Clerk’s office.New York foreclosure defense attorney

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